Realism in the arts applied more to visual arts and theatre than to any musical style. It is the depiction of subjects as they appear in everyday life, without embellishment or interpretation. In the spirit of nationalism, many composers used the melodies from common folk tunes and dances in their formal compositions. Some operas were composed using the common man as characters. Bizet’s Carmen is about love and loss between a soldier and a girl who works in a Spanish cigarette factory.