Vincent van Gogh (1853–1890)

Born in the Netherlands, Vincent van Gogh tried many occupations before he decided to become an artist at the age of 27. He worked in several family-owned art galleries located in different cities, so he was familiar with many artists and their styles. He settled in Brussels, taking art lessons and practicing drawing. He created... Read More

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Post-Impressionism

The Impressionist style was taken a step further by Post-Impressionists. Forms became flatter, and colors and lines became more expressive. The focus for artists’ works changed from representing what they saw to what they thought. Artists experimented with different techniques in using drawing and painting media. Each Post-Impressionist artist developed his own distinct style. The... Read More

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Auguste Rodin (1840–1917)

Painting was not the only art process affected by the Impressionist style. Sculpture also saw a change. Auguste Rodin’s extraordinary skill dominated sculpture during this time. His sculptural technique was similar to Impressionist painting techniques. He pushed, pulled, and jabbed the clay or wax to create forms just as painters applied dots and dashes to... Read More

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Mary Cassatt (1844–1926)

Another Impressionist artist was an American woman, Mary Cassatt. She was born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, but spent most of her life in Europe. She began her studies in art (much to the dismay of her father) by studying at the Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts, one of only a few art schools in the United... Read More

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Claude Monet (1840–1926)

Artists had new and often brighter colors to work with. In 1874, Monet displayed a painting titled Impression: Sunrise in an exhibition with a fellow group of artists. Critics were outraged at this new style that looked unfinished and quickly termed it “Impressionism,” after the title of Monet’s painting. Born in Paris, Monet grew up... Read More

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Visual Art

The invention of the camera and the process of photography made artists reexamine the purpose of their art. The camera could capture the world exactly as it appeared. Photography forced artists to search for new ways of showing images. With Realism’s goals (capturing the common man) and the invention of the camera, the next generation... Read More

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Maurice Ravel (1875–1937)

Ravel was a French composer who lived at the same time as Debussy. He used many of the same techniques as his countryman. His music reflects an interest in the exotic, jazz style of Wagner and Russian music. Ravel wrote music that portrayed ideas more than images. His composition “La Valse” (“The Waltz”) represented Ravel’s... Read More

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Claude Debussy (1862–1918)

The music of Debussy mirrors the visual art of France during his lifetime. Just as French painters were trying to capture the effects of light on subjects, Debussy tried to create music that represented visual images and emotions. Once again, opera, solo vocal, orchestra, and piano pieces were changed by new ideas and compositional techniques.... Read More

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Impressionism and Post-Impressionism

Impressionism and Post-Impressionism (1850–1920) Impressionism was primarily a visual art movement begun by a group of artists in France who started exhibiting their work in the 1860s. The Impressionist style shows the effects of light and atmospheric conditions in artworks that spontaneously capture a moment of time. Music was the only other art form that most... Read More

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